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Taxonomic Information on Cultivated Plants in GRIN-Global




References Cited

Brandenburg, W. A. et al. (editors), 1988. ISTA list of stabilized plant names. International Seed Testing Association, Zurich, Switzerland.

Brickell, C. D. et al. (editors), 2016. International code of nomenclature for cultivated plants, ed. 9. Scripta Hort. 18:1–190.

Bridson, G.D.R., and Smith, E.R. (editors), 1991. B-P-H/S. Botanico-Periodicum-Huntianum/Supplementum. Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Bridson, G.D.R. et al. (editors), 2004. BPH-2: periodicals with botanical content. Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Brummitt, R.K., 2001. World geographical scheme for recording plant distributions. Edition 2. Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh.

Brummitt, R.K, and Powell, C.E., 1992. Authors of plant names. A list of authors of scientific names of plants, with recommended standard forms of their names, including abbreviations. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England.

Chase, M. et al. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 181:1–20.

Cook, F.E.M., 1995. Economic botany data collection standard. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Dorr, L.J., and Nicolson, D.H., 2008–2009. Taxonomic literature, supplements VII-VIII. 2 volumes. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggell.

Gove, P.B. et al. (editors), 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary of the English language unabridged. G. & C. Merriam Company, Springfield, Massachusetts.

Gunn, C.R., Wiersema, J.H., Ritchie, C.A., and Kirkbride, J.H., Jr., 1992. Families and genera of spermatophytes recognized by the Agricultural Research Service. U.S.D.A. Tech. Bull. 1796:1–500.

Janick, J. (editor), 1989. The National Plant Germplasm System of the United States. Plant Breed. Rev. 7:1–230.

Kartesz, J.T. and Thieret, J.W., 1991. Common names for vascular plants: guidelines for use and application. Sida 14:421–434.

Lawrence, G.H.M., Buchheim, A.F.G., Daniels, G.S., and Dolezal, H. (editors), 1968. B-P-H. Botanico-Periodicum-Huntianum. Hunt Botanical Library, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Meyer, D.L. and Wiersema, J.H. (editors), 1999. Uniform classification of weed and crop seeds. Contribution No. 25 to the Handbook on Seed Testing. Association of Official Seed Analysts.

McNeill, J. et al. (editors), 2012. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code), adopted by the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress Melbourne, Australia, July 2011. Regnum Veg. 154: i-xxx, 1-208.

Stafleu, F.A., and Cowan, R.S., 1976–1988. Taxonomic literature, second edition. 7 volumes. Bohn, Scheltema, and Holkema, Utrecht.

Stafleu, F.A., and Mennega, E.A., 1992–2000. Taxonomic literature, supplements I-IV. 4 volumes. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein.

Terrell, E.E., 1986a. Updating scientific names for introduced germplasm of economically important vascular plants. Acta Hort., Int. Soc. Hort. Sci. 182:293–300.

Terrell, E.E., 1986b. A checklist of names for 3,000 vascular plants of economic importance. U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 505:1–241.

Wiersema, J.H. and León, B., 1999. World economic plants: a standard reference. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

Wiersema, J.H., Gunn, C.R., and Kirkbride, J.H., Jr., 1990. Legume (Fabaceae) nomenclature in the USDA germplasm system. U.S.D.A. Tech. Bull. 1757:1–572.



NGP National GeneBank of Pakistan Distribution Policy

Plant germplasm is distributed to scientists, educators, producers and other bona fide research and education entities from Pakistan’s National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS) active collection sites. The NPGS Curator and/or Research Leader will, in accordance with current NPGS policies and procedures, determine the legitimacy of a request when necessary..

Distributions to fulfill requests for repatriation of subsamples of germplasm collections to a country or community of origin, especially following natural or man-made catastrophes, are considered a high priority.

Although distributions for research, education, and repatriation are of the highest priority, the NPGS also encourages various seed-saver organizations and public gardens to conduct germplasm conservation activities that engage many individuals and groups throughout the country. Elements of the NPGS cooperate with seed-saver organizations and public gardens and may store germplasm for and distribute germplasm to such organizations.

Distribution of germplasm from NPGS collections to fulfill requests from individuals seeking free germplasm strictly for home use is generally considered an inappropriate use of limited resources and conflicts with Pakistan Government policy of not competing with commercial enterprises. Requestors can be asked, in an appropriate manner, to justify the use of specific NPGS germplasm instead of suitable commercially available germplasm.

Accessions listed in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) database as “not available” due to insufficient or low viability seed and/or scheduled for regeneration will generally not be available for distribution.

Other accessions are listed in GRIN as “not available” because they are not a part of the NPGS collection per se, but are conserved in NPGS genebanks to meet specific needs as described later in the section entitled “Categories of Germplasm Distributed and Availability.” In this category are certain accessions of improved germplasm that are only available from the owner/developer. Other accessions require that specific conditions be met by the requestor before distribution is possible.

NPGS sites will not distribute germplasm internationally when they cannot comply with the importation or quarantine requirements of the recipient country unless the requestor can provide a valid waiver of such requirements.